Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

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  • Nocturnal Enuresis (night time bed-wetting)
  • Polydipsia (excessive thirst)
  • Polyuria (frequent urination)
  • Weight Loss
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Unusual hunger
  • Lethargy (abnormal lack of energy)
  • Kussmaul Breathing (rapid laboured breathing)
  • Blurred vision
  • Fruity breath
  • Candidiasis (thrush infections)
  • Dehydration (sunken in eyes, dry skin, dry mucous membranes)
  • Confusion
  • Flu-like symptoms

Summing up:

  • Bedwetting at night in a previously “dry” child, is one of the commonest symptoms
  • Frequent urination and excessive drinking (polyuria, polydipsia)
  • Weight loss
  • A single immediate capillary blood glucose tests with a value above 11.1  mmol/L indicates diabetes.
  • Refer children with raised blood glucose levels to secondary care the same day.
  • Do not wait for other tests (blood /urine) as this may allow DKA to occur.
  • You need to get a simple and quick blood test done straight away. If the GP cannot do this straight away and A&E is a long wait you can always go to a Chemist and if they won’t do a test then buy a test unit. It is a simple clean wipe of the finger, prick the finger and add the blood drop to the machine, anything higher than 11.1 mmol/L and you need to go to A&E straight away.
  • If you want to do a random blood glucose test then get a meter. This is a good one that is commonly used.
  • How to test your blood glucose with a blood glucose meter.

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